Scientific programme

EPW07  E-Poster Walk
Mental Health Care / Prevention of Mental Disorders

04-Mar-2018 12:30 13:15
 
 
Abstract: PW0120
The Relationship Between Alexithymia and Depression Among Medical Students From Preclinical Years

Introduction

Alexithymia is a multidimensional construct that is responsive to depression and situational stressors.

Objectives

The aim of this study is to investigate the relationship between alexithymia and depression among medical students enrolled in the pre-clinical years of study.

Methods

A number of 155 medical students (43 males, 112 females) took part in this study, 97 in 1st year and 58 in the 2nd year. The students were asked to fill a questionnaire containing socio-demographic information. Two instruments were used: Toronto Alexithymia Scale (measuring the level of alexithymia) and Beck Depression Inventory (measuring the level of depression). Spearman correlations for the correlational analysis and Independent Samples T-Test for the comparative analysis were used. 

Results

A strong positive correlation between the total score for depression and the total score for alexithymia (r = 0.442, p = 0.000) was identified, the more depressed the subjects are, the higher their alexithymia score will be. No significant differences were found between the subjects in the 1st year and the subjects in the 2nd year regarding the total score for the alexithymia, and for two of its factors (difficulty describing feelings and difficulty identifying feelings). Externally oriented thinking dimension produces significant differences (t (151) = -3.584, p = 0.000), the students from the 2nd year (M = 19.45 ± 4.89) proving being more externally oriented thinking than their freshman colleagues (M = 16.76 ± 4.24).

Conclusions

It is important to identify the causes of depression among medical students in order to create effective psychological strategies.

 
Co-authors
M. Iorga 1, C. Munteanu 2, C. Dondas 3, S. Socolov 4, T. Pantilimonescu 4, I.M. Gavrilescu 4
1University of Medicine and Pharmacy "Grigore T. Popa", Behavioral Sciences, Iasi, Romania
2"Gr. T. Popa" University of Medicine and Pharmacy, General Medicine, Iasi, Romania
3University of Medicine and Pharmacy "Grigore T. Popa", Career Counseling, Iasi, Romania
4University of Medicine and Pharmacy "Grigore T. Popa", General Medicine, Iasi, Romania